The herm means head-reliquary. In this case, it holds Saint Ladislaus King’s sculpture and we definitely can say that it is the most valuable piece of Hungarian metalsmithing.

The head of the herm is made of gilded, embossed silver. The sculpted reliquary was put inside, in a silver case. The work on the shoulder and chest was crafted with the wire enamel technique. This technique is from 14th century of Byzantium which from there spread to other parts of Europe thanks to Venice. And what is the wire enamel?

Artisans put plates on the subject they are decorating and they solder twisted silver wire to make subdivisions. Then they fill the subdivisions with enamel. While the enamel burns out, it shrinks and the twisted silver wire bulks from the surface.

Experts have argued a lot about the makers of the herm. Some think it was made by Márton Kolozsvári and György Kolozsvári  and portrait of III. Béla is seen in the herm by that group. Saint Ladislaus was blessed during III. Béla’s reign. The others think that the head part was made around the 12th-13thcentury  at Dénes master’s workshop.

We know as following the old traditions his grave was opened and his head and arms were put in separated shrines so they could make them religious relics before he became blessed in 1192. The next time it is mentioned in records was in 1273 that his sculpture was kept in the shrine in the Cathedral of Nagyvárad where Saint Ladislaus was buried. They used it at the vows. According to one of King Zsigmond’s certificates the herm was destroyed in the great fire of 1406 but the relic survived it. This is when the new herm was made with the technique mentioned earlier between 1406 and 1443. We know this because they held the herm under the tower of the cathedral in Nagyvárad. This tower collapsed but the herm did not get damaged at all.

According to legend Saint Ladislaus’ grave was robbed in 1565 but Bishop Demeter Náprági was able to get the shrine back. When he needed to leave Várad because of the persecution of the catholic people, he took the shrine with him to Gyulafehérvár, Bratislava and in 1607 to Győr. Not too long after Bishop Walter Lynch arrived in Győr and brought the Weeping Madonna painting that wept blood.

Bishop Demeter restored it in Prague. This is when the roller neck and the neck ring got on it that we can see today and this is when its gothic crown was changed. The crown is decorated with Czech grenades and glass and uncolored quartz insets.

Knight King’s personality cult was not foreign for the citizens of Győr before the arrival of Demeter Náprági. Győr town looks at the Saint King as its personal patron since that moment that Győr gave home to this national relic. The story of the earthquake in 1763 belongs  to it also. Thanks to that Győr has a tradition since then and the town got a new legend that you can read about here.

They opened the herm for 4 days in 2011. The scientists (doctors, anthropologists and boffins) started a research project to get answers for the following questions during this 4 days: is there a sculpt relic in the herm? Is it a full sculpt or just pieces of it? And does this relic really belong to the Knight King?

The lower jaw and most of his teeth were missing and also little pieces of his sculpture, likely because others took small parts of this relic before as well. János Simon bishop of Győr who became diocesan bishop of Esztergom in 1867 took a tooth of Saint Ladislaus that is kept in a shrine in the Basilica of Esztergom. The shrine was made in Vienna. A little piece of the sculpt and one of the remaining 3 teeth were taken to do some research. The first fact that was figured out that Saint Ladislaus was totally healthy when he died.

The anthropology examination made sure that the herm holds the sculpture of Saint Ladislaus. We can see the colored part on the top of the sculpt and that matches the  openings of the shrine that is a strong proof that the original sculpt was kept in it for centuries. Also it shows that it is Saint Ladislaus’ sculpt that it has rugged features of a man who was between 45-55 years old that is shown on the face reconstruction. This face reconstruction is very similar to the one that was made by the sculpt of the III. Béla.

 

Programm:

Stars wars, Hook, Schindler's list, A.I. – Artificial Intelligence, Jurassic Park, Superman, The Shark, Memoirs of a Geisha, Harry Potter, E.T., Indiana Jones

The Győr Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Alex Johansson

A collection mostly comprising Roman tombs and carved stone from modern times is on display in the underground chambers of the Sforza half-bastion and casemates.

The exhibition includes the former city gate, the Fehérvár Gate, which was exploded on 28 March 1598 by the Hungarian army led by Mikós Pálffy and Adolf Schwarzenberg, when the town was recaptured from Turk occupation.

The Jedlik fountain, made in 2012, with a wonderful turquoise soda bottle weighing 365 kg is the most modern element of the Gutenberg Square. The statue, which also serves as a drinking fountain, was created by the city's famous glass artist, László Hefter. We can admire the glass windows he made in the cathedral and in several of our other churches.

This fountain is a remembrance of Ányos Jedlik’s soda bottle, the spritzer (“fröccs”) and the innovative and youthful spirit of Győr.

This bicycle locker system is a safe way to store your bike in town.

You may purchase a GyőrBox card to use the locker system.

GyőrBox stations:

1 - Bus station

2 - Zechmeister str. - Virágpiac

3 - Dunakapu square

 

Price for usage: rental fee (40 HUF) + card fee (600 HUF)

GyőrBox Card selling point: Visitors’ Center

 

A night with the queen of the instruments!

Performers: Kamilla Lévai, Richárd Kordoss, Csaba Albert

Mini organ concert in front of the Benedictine church!

From the works of J.S. BACH and RAMEAU

Perfomes: LÉVAI KAMILLA

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